Looking at period inventories available for 18th and 19th century cabinet shops, one can get a good idea of the common tools that may have been found in a cabinet shop of the time. Further reading of period texts like Joseph Moxon’s Mechanik Exercises or Peter Nicholson’s Mechanic’s Companion gives us some clues as to how period cabinetmakers worked with their tools. One thing that is apparent from both the period inventories and texts is that these shops typically had a good number of tools for specialized tasks.
Today, on the other hand, minimalism and versatility seem to be popular buzz words. We want one stop shopping, universal remotes and kitchen appliances that slice, dice, roast, blend and take out the trash. This desire for the one size fits all wonder widget tends to creep into our woodworking shops as well, as many of us look for more versatile tools. The hope is that we can avoid purchasing multiple, specialized tools that can perform fewer tasks, and as a result, stretch our hard earned dollars a little further.
Don’t get me wrong, there is something to be said about minimizing one’s tool kit. It is true that you can do an awful lot with a very small set of tools. Versatility can be a good thing is some cases. However, the more versatile tool is usually a compromise. When something becomes more versatile and less specialized, it usually means that you give something up that made the specialized version…special. Modern American mega marts are a great example. Like anyone else, I do like being able to go to the local big box home improvement store to get all of my plumbing, lumber, electrical and landscape supplies for the weekend’s projects in a single trip. However, have you ever needed help in one of these stores? If you need to talk to someone who actually knows something about plumbing or electrical, you’re out of luck. You gain the convenience of one stop shopping, and the economics of scale, but you lose the knowledge and personal service of the small specialty store owner.
The same situation exists with our choice in tools. A single backsaw can be sharpened in such a way that it will do an adequate job both ripping and crosscutting. But it won’t do either of those jobs as efficiently as a true rip tooth or crosscut tooth saw would do them. It will rip more slowly than a true rip tooth saw and will not crosscut as cleanly as a true crosscut tooth saw. Can you save money by only purchasing a single saw? Yes, of course. But can you accept the compromise? Only you can answer that question.
Very few of us are so wealthy that we can nonchalantly plunk down the tens of thousands of dollars that it would take to own every specialized tool for every task. Besides, it’s foolish to think that we need a specialized tool in every situation. Still, there are some tools for which there is no good substitute. A good square, for example, is a hard tool to replace. In the end, as with most things in life, there is no one size fits all in woodworking. For some, a “versatile” tool may be the perfect fit, but they’re not necessarily for everyone. Someone who prepares their stock with machines may find that a single “versatile” hand plane is all that they need. They may not find a full complement of bench planes very useful, whereas I wouldn’t be without my separate fore, try and smooth planes. The real challenge is to tune out the noise and examine your own needs and your own preferred method of work, and then to choose the tools that will best help you to work efficiently, effortlessly, and enjoyably.